All material on this website is published by the Ministry of Defence (MOD) and subject to Crown copyright protection unless otherwise indicated. Reading, copying or adapting any material implies agreement to these terms and conditions.

The Ministry of Defence is a Crown body. The information we produce is Crown copyright and it is managed on behalf of Her Majesty's Stationary Office (HMSO) by the MOD's Directorate of Intellectual Property Rights (DIPR). For more information on Crown copyright, please visit the Office of Public Sector Information (OPSI) website.

The material featured on this website is protected by Crown copyright unless otherwise indicated. This material may be reproduced for the purposes of non-commercial research or private study and for the purposes of reporting current events only.

Any reproduction of this material for these purposes must be acknowledged in the following way: © Crown Copyright/MOD followed by the year (i.e. © Crown Copyright/MOD 2007).

In general, Crown copyright material may not be used or reproduced for any other purpose without first obtaining permission from DIPR. This permission will be in the form of a copyright licence and may require the payment of a licence fee.

The permission to reproduce Crown protected material does not extend to any material on this site which is identified as being the copyright of a third party. Authorisation to reproduce such material must be obtained from the copyright holders concerned.

The Ministry of Defence encourages users to establish hypertext links to our websites. You do not require our formal permission to do so.

Copyright licensing information

Details about licensing

You do NOT need a licence to copy:

  1. Crown Copyright material that is more than 50 years old, subject to the following exceptions:
    1. Material protected by other intellectual property rights, such as trademarks (which include the badges, crests and logos of the MOD and HM Armed Forces).
    2. Material produced by third parties, where the copyright has been acquired by the MOD.
    3. Material that has not been commercially published, and is less than 125 years old.
  2. Material already covered by a Copyright Licensing Agency (CLA) licence. Extracts of Crown Copyright magazines, books and journals may be copied by CLA licence-holders, subject to the terms of their licence. Please remember however that maps, hydrographic charts and sheet music are not covered by CLA licences.
  3. Press notices, forms, consultative documents, headline statistics, texts of ministerial speeches and articles and unpublished public records that are covered by the Crown copyright Waiver Scheme. However, where material is reproduced under this Scheme it must be reproduced accurately and not in a misleading context. The source of the material must be identified and the material must be acknowledged as being Crown Copyright.

You DO need a licence to copy any other MOD-produced material, whether for private or commercial purposes.

The type of licence required depends on the type of material you wish to reproduce. For 'core' material, an online 'Click-Use' PSI licence may be obtained from OPSI. Core material covers Crown copyright information that is likely to satisfy the following conditions:

  • It is essential to the business of Government.
  • It explains Government policy.
  • It is the only source of the information.
  • It sets out how the law, in both the UK and EU, must be complied with.
  • The citizen will consider the information to be key to their relationship with Government.
  • There may be a statutory requirement to produce or issue such information.

If you wish to reproduce material of this type, then you will require an OPSI PSI licence. If that is the case, please follow the related link opposite the 'Click use' licensing website and follow the instructions. These licences are provided by OPSI free of charge. The MOD may raise a charge, however, to cover any costs incurred in supplying the material (please discuss whether this will be the case direct with the MOD branch you have approached to supply the information).

MOD manages all other copyright licensing activities in-house and we aim to make obtaining a licence as easy as possible. To demonstrate our commitment to achieving this, we have obtained accreditation from the Information Fair Trader Scheme (IFTS). The IFTS requires accredited public sector bodies to encourage re-use of their information and to reach certain standards of fairness and transparency. It reassures users that an accredited organisation's processes are consistent with Government policy on information trading, and that they meet the needs of existing and potential customers.

Our Director has made a personal commitment to maintain the compliant standards demonstrated during our accreditation. You can view this commitment here: Information Fair Trade Scheme Commitment.

If you would like a licence to reproduce MOD material, or further information about the licensing process and the applicable licence fees, please see this page: How to apply to use MOD Crown copyright material.